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Royal Botanical Gardens

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RBG is committed to managing its own environmental performance and improving its sustainability. Under its present strategic plan (2014-2019), RBG is monitoring and managing its energy use, water consumption, greenhouse gas emissions, and waste generation throughout the organization. Since 2017 RBG has overhauled its waste diversion program, set a greenhouse gas reduction target and began to establish a rigorous water monitoring and conservation program. In 2019 RBG created its Climate Change Resiliency Plan, expanding the focus of our sustainability efforts to also include climate change adaptation and mitigation.
Royal Botanical Gardens (RBG) is the largest botanical garden in Canada and one of the largest in the world, with over 2,700 acres of cultivated gardens and nature sanctuaries. Wrapped around the western tip of Lake Ontario, these extraordinary properties include some of the most biodiverse land in Canada, with a major proportion of the property lying within the Niagara Escarpment World Biosphere Reserve. RBG is a National Historic Site of Canada for its breathtaking landscapes and major horticultural collections, and is well-known for its educational and conservation programs, holding many awards for its efforts in biodiversity conservation and habitat restoration.
2018 was our first year reporting our greenhouse gas emissions against our 2017 baseline emissions. While we facilitated operational changes and initiatives to reduce energy consumption in some areas, overall our emissions increased. We worked with SHB and Mohawk on two CEL projects throughout the year. Students from Mohawk College’s Environmental Technician program completed Waste Audits on three garden areas to measure the impact of our new waste diversion program. Electrical Engineering Technology Students completed a feasibility assessment of using renewable energy to operate our Fishway operation (used to restrict the number of invasive fish species in Cootes Paradise).
RBG‘s new earth kind, chemical free Rose Garden, located in Hendrie Park, was designed and installed using research proven techniques to provide maximum landscape energy and materials conservation based on real world operational effectiveness and environmental responsibility. In 2018, we partnered with the Friends of the Greenbelt Foundation to create a public report on “gardening in a changing climate”. You can find the factsheet and full report on the Greenbelt website. On-going energy savings practices took place at RBG throughout the year including an HVAC system upgrade at RBG Centre and small scale LED lighting retrofits across multiple facilities.

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